The southern region of Bhutan is the flatter part of the country and is not as mountainous as some people think its. The temperature and climate are subtropical meaning that it is not as warm as some areas that are farther south nearer to the equator, but it is not as cool as its northern counterpart. During the wintertime in the southern region of Bhutan, the winter is mild because it at a lower altitude and the temperature hovers around 15 degrees Celsius on average. After wintertime in March through May, the climate in Southern Bhutan becomes hot and humid and it is not an ideal time for visitors to come. The best time for visitors to go to Bhutan would be in the fall months of September through November and even the winter months of December through February. This is because the temperature is milder, and it gives tourists a chance to walk through the beautiful scenery that lies in Southern Bhutan.
In the northern region of Bhutan, it is much hillier and more mountainous than southern Bhutan. The eastern part of the Himalayas spread throughout the northern region of Bhutanand some of the peaks go up to 7000 meters. The temperature of the northern region of Bhutan is much milder and it is known for is cold and dry winters. The reason for harsh winters in northern Bhutan is because of the extreme altitude and harsh winds that come off the Himalayan mountain range. During the summer it is typically warmer and rainier.
The main city in the central region of Bhutan is Thimphu. Thimphu’s altitude lies around 2300m (7600ft). The temperature in Thimphu does not get to low or too high. The lowest it usually gets in January is right below 30 degrees Fahrenheit and the highest average temperature is in August and that is 77 degrees Fahrenheit. The highest ever recorded temperature in the city of Thimphu was 86 degrees in the month of July.
The monsoon season in Bhutan is mainly in late July through September near the southern border of Bhutan. These heavy rainstorms bring approximately sixty to ninety percent of the western region of Bhutan’s rainfall.(Bhutan, Happiness is a place, 2019). Precipitation in Bhutan varies widely between the different regions of Bhutan. In the northern region near Tibet, snow is the main form of precipitation because of the high altitude and it accumulated to around 40 millimeters annually. In the southern region, monsoons and heavy rains occur in the summertime in the thick, muddy, and swampy conditions of the rainforest. Annual precipitation in these parts has gotten up to approximately 7,800 millimeters of rain, giving the rainforest of Bhutan an extremely humid feel. In the central region of Bhutan, 1,000 millimeters of precipitation per year is common(Bhutan, Happiness is a place, 2019).
Weather in Thimphu
Thimphu is the capital of Bhutan and lies in the west central region of the country. It is the largest city in Bhutan with a population of just over 98,000. The weather in Thimphu is a reason why it is the largest city in Bhutan because of how temperate it is to its inhabitants. The lowest it usually ever gets is 22 F while it hardly ever goes above 75 F. The cloud coverage in Thimphu also varies widely. The clearest part of the year starts on October 4th and lasts for around 8 months until the beginning of June. The warm season in Thimphu lasts around 4 months lasting from May to September with an average daily temperature of 67 degrees F. The hottest day of the year is June 23rd with an average high of 71 degrees F and an average low of 55 degrees F. The coldest day of the year is January 20th with an average low of 28 degrees F and an average high of 51 degrees F(Weather Spark, 2016).
Best time to visit Thimphu
People want to visit Thimphu when it the temperature is between 65 degrees F to 80 degrees F and there is no rain. Based on this type of weather, tourists should visit Bhutan from late May to late June with most ideal time to go in the second week of June(Weather Spark, 2016).
Weather in Phuntsholing
Phuntsholing is the second largest city in Bhutan with a population of 27,000. It lies in the southwestern Bhutan and lies right on the border of India. Since it is south of Thimphu and the elevation is significantly lower (900 feet above sea level compared to 8,000 feet above sea level) the weather is much warmer in this southern town. The hot season goes for around 5 months from late March to the beginning of September with an average daily high of 90 degrees F. The hottest day of the year is May 28th and its average high is 94 degrees F and average low is 77 degrees F(Weather Spark, 2016).
Best time to Visit Phuntsholing
Ideally, with temperatures between 65F and 80F, the best time to visit Phuntsholing would be from late February to early April and from mid-October to mid-December.(Weather Spark, 2016)
To conclude, the weather in Bhutan varies widely depending on what altitude you are at and the various seasons of the year. It is a country that borders the tallest and most magnificent mountain range in the world, and it is also a country that has a river system that is near sea level. If you travel to Bhutan at the right time of year, the weather can be ideal for you travel and you can get the most out of your experience.